Anish Kapoor (Indian-born British, born 1954 )
Born in Bombay, India, Anish Kapoor moved to London in the early 1970s to study art at Hornsey College of Art and Chelsea School of Art and Design. Although he has lived in Bristol since, he frequently travels back to India, and has affirmed that his work is influenced by both western and eastern culture. In the 1980s, Kapoor emerged to prominence as a sculptor, along with Tony Cragg, Richard Deacon, Anthony Gormley, Bill Woodrow, and Richard Wentworth, all heralded in Britain for their innovative work.
Kapoor’s sculptures are often simple, curved forms, usually monochrome and brightly colored. Inspired by mounds of colored pigments Kapoor saw on his visits to India, some of his sculptures are covered and surrounded by powdered pigments. He consistently uses a wide range of materials in his sculptures and paintings to explore color and spacial relationships and voids, as well as immateriality and the illusion of material and form. Describing his work, Kapoor stated, “I am interested in sculpture that manipulates the viewer into a specific relation with both space and time.” His minimalist vocabulary of clean lines and forms is carried over into his prints, where he creates a sensory experience through the subtle power of color and light.
Kapoor has produced a number of large-scale sculptures for public installation, notably Taratantara, a 115-feet tall piece installed in the Baltic Flour Mills in Gateshead in 1999, and Marsyas, a large steel and polyvinly chloride piece installed in the Turbine Hall of the Tate Modern in 2002. The highly engaging Cloud Gate, a 110 ton stainless steel scupture with a mirror finish installed at the Millenium Park in Chicago, has become a popular Chicago landmark. The sculpture’s surface reflects and distorts the skyline and nearby landscape, and visitors are able to walk around and under the structure.